Scandi CMS System Overview

An overview of how the Scandi CMS system works with widgets.

First, let's get familiar with how the widget system works in Magento+Scandi. This will give you a high-level understanding on what bits of code need to be added to create a new widget.

Reading this section is optional, and only needed if you want to get a high-level understanding for the context of the code we'll be writing.

The Widget System

First, let's get familiar with how the widget system works in Magento+Scandi. As an example, suppose the Admin creates a home page CMS page with a RecentlyViewed widget. The CMS source code would contain a {{widget}} template:

<p>Some CMS text...</p>
<p>{{widget type="Magento\\Catalog\\Block\\Widget\\RecentlyViewed" uiComponent="widget_recently_viewed" page_size="5" show_attributes="name,image,price,learn_more" show_buttons="add_to_cart" template="product/widget/viewed/grid.phtml"}}</p>

When rendering the page, the Magento CMS system will parse the widget template, and convert it into a widget element:

<p>Some CMS text...</p>
<p>
<widget type='RecentlyViewed' uiComponent='widget_recently_viewed' page_size='5'
show_attributes='name,image,price,learn_more' show_buttons='add_to_cart'></widget>
</p>

On the frontend, Scandi will parse this element. Let's dive into the parsing logic.

The Html Component

In Scandi, the Html component is responsible for rendering all CMS content, including CMS pages and product descriptions. Instead of merely outputting the raw HTML, it parses its input. Then, some of the elements are replaced by React components. This means that CMS content can contain components just like any other part of the app!

Take a look at this simplified version of the HTML component:

node_modules/@scandipwa/scandipwa/src/component/Html/Html.component.js
import parser from 'html-react-parser';
import attributesToProps from 'html-react-parser/lib/attributes-to-props';
import domToReact from 'html-react-parser/lib/dom-to-react';
import PropTypes from 'prop-types';
import { PureComponent } from 'react';
​
import Image from 'Component/Image';
import Link from 'Component/Link';
import WidgetFactory from 'Component/WidgetFactory';
import { hash } from 'Util/Request/Hash';
​
/** @namespace Component/Html/Component */
export class Html extends PureComponent {
static propTypes = {
content: PropTypes.string.isRequired
};
​
rules = [
{
query: { name: ['widget'] },
replace: this.replaceWidget
},
{
query: { name: ['a'] },
replace: this.replaceLinks
},
{
query: { name: ['img'] },
replace: this.replaceImages
} // [...]
];
​
parserOptions = {
replace: (domNode) => {
// [...] logic for replacing elements with components
}
};
​
attributesToProps(attribs) {...}
​
replaceLinks({ attribs, children }) {
const { href, ...attrs } = attribs;
​
return (
<Link { ...attributesToProps({ ...attrs, to: href }) }>
{ domToReact(children, this.parserOptions) }
</Link>
);
}
​
replaceImages({ attribs }) {
const attributes = attributesToProps(attribs);
​
if (attribs.src) {
return <Image { ...attributes } />;
}
}
​
replaceWidget({ attribs }) {
return <WidgetFactory { ...this.attributesToProps(attribs) } />;
}
​
render() {
const { content } = this.props;
return parser(content, this.parserOptions);
}
}

Instead of rendering simple <a> anchor elements, the Html component replaces them with <Link> – making them work with the react-router. Instead of outputting <img> elements, it converts them into <Image> components, making them consistent with the rest of the app.

Importantly, all <widget> elements are turned into the <WidgetFactory> component. This is what enables Scandi to process the CMS widgets.

The WidgetFactory Component

In the WidgetFactory, different widget types are mapped to corresponding components. The renderContent function then renders the appropriate component for the widget, passing on all the attributes as props:

import PropTypes from 'prop-types';
import { lazy, PureComponent, Suspense } from 'react';
​
import RenderWhenVisible from 'Component/RenderWhenVisible';
​
import {
CATALOG_PRODUCT_LIST,
NEW_PRODUCTS,
RECENTLY_VIEWED,
SLIDER
} from './WidgetFactory.config';
​
import './WidgetFactory.style';
​
export const ProductListWidget = lazy(() => import(/* webpackMode: "lazy", webpackChunkName: "category" */ 'Component/ProductListWidget'));
export const NewProducts = lazy(() => import(/* webpackMode: "lazy", webpackChunkName: "category" */ 'Component/NewProducts'));
export const HomeSlider = lazy(() => import(/* webpackMode: "lazy", webpackChunkName: "cms" */ 'Component/SliderWidget'));
export const RecentlyViewedWidget = lazy(() => import(/* webpackMode: "lazy", webpackChunkName: "category" */ 'Component/RecentlyViewedWidget'));
​
/** @namespace Component/WidgetFactory/Component */
export class WidgetFactory extends PureComponent {
static propTypes = {
type: PropTypes.string.isRequired
};
​
renderMap = {
[SLIDER]: {
component: HomeSlider,
},
[NEW_PRODUCTS]: {
component: NewProducts
},
[CATALOG_PRODUCT_LIST]: {
component: ProductListWidget
},
[RECENTLY_VIEWED]: {
component: RecentlyViewedWidget
}
};
​
renderContent() {
const { type } = this.props;
const {
component: Widget
} = this.renderMap[type] || {};
​
if (Widget !== undefined) {
return (
<RenderWhenVisible>
<Widget { ...this.props } />
</RenderWhenVisible>
);
}
​
return null;
}
​
render() {
return (
<Suspense fallback={ this.renderFallback() }>
{ this.renderContent() }
</Suspense>
);
}
}
​
export default WidgetFactory;

Finally, the individual widget components (ProductListWidget, NewProducts, etc.) are regular React components responsible for rendering their widget.